高校英文法の時制_まとめ問題

時制のテーマ一覧

いろいろな時制現在形過去形未来形willとshall現在進行形未来・過去進行形現在完了/現在完了進行形過去完了/過去完了進行形未来完了/未来完了進行形時制の復習問題時制のまとめ問題



時制のまとめ問題

問/ 15問

次のかっこ内から適当な語を選びましょう。解説は下にあります。

1. He ( belongs, is belonging, has been belonging ) to the baseball club.

2. I'll give her your message when she ( will come, comes, came ).

3. Wait till the light ( turns, will turn, will have turned ) green.

4. I cannot tell if it ( will rain, rains, has rained ) tomorrow.

5. I don't know when he ( comes, has come, will come ) here tomorrow.

6. We'll start as soon as you ( are, will be, were ) ready.

7. I ( has visited, visited, will visit ) Las Vegas while I stayed in America.

8. Her plane ( takes, has taken , took ) off just now.

9. Bob ( has been, had been, was ) ill for a week before he was sent to the hospital.

10. The cherry blossoms ( will have fallen, has fallen, will have been falling ) by the time you come.

11. I'll leave soon if I ( have finished, will have finished, will finish ) my work.

12. We ( are discussing, have discussed, have been discussing ) the problem since this morning.

13. You ( shall, will, ) have a book if you want to .


2(  )内を並び替えましょう。解答解説は下にあります。

1. [ since, have, died, his grandfather, it, three years, passed, ]

彼の祖父が死んでから3年になります。 【1語不要】


2. [ your room, cleaned, you, home, have, return, I, by the time, ]

あなたが戻ってくるまでに、私はあなたの部屋を掃除しておきます。【1語不足】



【解答】

1
1.belongs (belong :「所属している」進行形不可)
2.comes (when~は副詞節。単純未来は現在時制で)
3.turns (till~は副詞節。単純未来は現在時制で)
4.will rain (if~は名詞節。未来時制で)
5.will come (when~は名詞節。未来時制で)
6.are (as soon as~は副詞節。単純未来は現在時制で)
7.visited (while I stayed~ で、過去時制に決定)
8.took (just now :過去形専用)
9.had been (before he was sent で過去以前。for a week で期間)
10.will have fallen (by the time you come :あなたが来る頃までには⇒~してしまっているでしょう、という「未来完了」を選ぶ)
11.have finished (if~は副詞節。単純未来は現在時制で)
12.have been discussing (since~で、現在完了継続用法。discuss は動作なので進行形)
13.shall (2・3人称+ shall =話し手の意志未来:~に…させよう)

2
1. Three years have passed since his grandfather died. (it 不要)
(it を使う場合は、it is three years~か、it has been three years~ となる)

2. I will have cleaned your room by the time you return home.



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