1 ( )内から適当な語を選びましょう。
1. Who is the girl ( play, playing, played ) the piano over there?
2. He has a good camera ( making, make, made ) in Japan.
3. I'm sorry to have kept you ( wait, to wait, waiting ) .
4. They remained ( looking, looked, to look ) at each other.
5. The ground lay ( covering, covered, to cover ) with snow.
6. My mother had Bob ( painted, paint, to paint ) the wall.
7. I had my salary ( raise, raising, raised ) .
8. He stood ( to look, looked, looking ) at the picture.
9. She looked ( surprised, surprising, surprise ) at the news.
10.I saw the dog (swim, to swim, swimming) in the river.
2 ( )内の語を適当な形にしましょう。
1. The boy came ( follow ) by the dog.
2. He had his only son ( kill ).
3. I cannot make myself ( understand ) in French.
4. We got ( excite ) to hear the surprising news.
5. We often hear it ( say ) that the early gird catches the worm.
3 2文がほぼ同じ意味になるように、( )内に適当な語を入れましょう。
1.I had him repair my watch.
= I ( ) him to repair my watch.
2.I heard her sing the song.
= She was ( )( ) sing the song.
3.I had him repair my watch.
= I had my watch ( ) by him.
4 ( )内を並び替えましょう。(解答解説は下にあります)
[ name, heard, in, his, calling, the crowd, he, called ].
[ watched, take, to, a, milk, bottle, he, her, of, ] from a refrigerator.
1 1.playing 2.made 3.waiting 4.looking 5.covered 6.paint 7.raised 8.looking 9.surprised 10.swimming
3.keep + O + C , OとCは能動関係→現在分詞 4.remained を were に置き換えて意味がつながるように→分詞の叙述用法 5.lay をwas に置き換える 6.使役動詞 have O + C ; OとCは能動関係 7.使役動詞 have O + C ; OとCは受動関係。raise は「～を上げる」 8. stood を was に置き換える 9.looked を was に置き換える 10.知覚動詞 see O+C ; OとCは能動関係で、「～している」
2 1.followed 2.killed 3.understood 4.excited 5.said
1.came を was に置き換えて考える→分詞の叙述用法 2.使役動詞 have O + C ; OとCは受動関係 3.make oneself understood : 理解してもらう 4.got を were に置き換えて考える 5.知覚動詞 hear O + C ; OとCは受動関係
3 1.got 2.heard to 3.repaired
1.使役動詞 have O + C は get O + to do とほぼ同じ 2.知覚動詞の受動態は原形不定詞をto 不定詞に 3.使役動詞 have O + C ; OとCは受動関係
4 1. He heard his name called in the crowd.
[calling 不要 , 知覚動詞 hear O + C ; OとCは受動関係]
2. He watched her take a bottle of milk.
[to 不要 , 知覚動詞 watch O + C ; OとCは能動関係。よって原形不定詞]