倒置構文~文法上の倒置

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倒置構文文法上の倒置倒置構文の復習問題

文法上の倒置


So, Neither, Nor で始まる文

肯定文 , so + V + S
否定文 , neither ( nor ) + V + S

● I am tired.  So am I. (私は疲れた。- 私もだ。)
● He can not speak English. Nor can I.
(彼は英語をしゃべれない。- 私もできない。)



慣用的な構文

Hardly ( Scarcely ) + had + S + p.p.when ( before ) + S + V(過去形)…
(~するかしないうちに・・・ / ~するとすぐに・・・)

Hardly had he started when it began to rain.
(彼が出発するとすぐに雨が降り出した。)

No sooner had he started than it began to rain. 
(上の文とほぼ意味は同じ)

Sothat, Suchthat の構文
 So ~ 、Such ~ (補語)を文頭に出すと、倒置が起きます。

● This car was so old that he could not sell it.
= So old was this car that he could not sell it.

● Her anger was such that she lost control of herself .
= Such was her anger that she lost control of herself.



~ as + S + V  ~だけれども

形容詞・名詞などを前に出すと、as が譲歩(~だが)の意味を表します。名詞の場合は無冠詞で(冠詞を省略して)前に出します。

● Though he is kind, I don't like him.
= Kind as he is, I don't like him. (彼は親切 だが、私は彼が好きではない。)


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